Female slave dating
Jaspreet Kaur HSTCMP 358 Smallwood 10 June 2015 The Atlantic Slave Trade Introduction: Trading slaves was a common practice amongst Africans and Arabs of the Middle Eastern region, however, the new development of slave trade through the Atlantic voyages brought new forms of slavery and slave trade business.First confrontations of Europeans and Africans led to the exchange of goods and an ever-growing business of slave trading flourished throughout the coastlines of Africa implementing new relations of exchange.The picture portrays the slave trading business as an equal trade between both seller and buyer.Once slaves did reach the peak of Atlantic slave trading during the eighteenth century laws and regulations started forming abroad in the Americas to provide legal handling of slaves in colonized areas by Imperial elites back in Europe.Coastal forts were created to ensure the safety of European buyers and sellers during European competition of established African territory for slaves, but after the large demand of slaves in the Americas, “the commercial weakness of African forts were quickly exposed”, diminishing their use (Walvin, 49-53).[vii] The inter tensions between European countries led some harsh impacts on dividing the coasts along Africa between them.Since, there had been established forts for agreed slave trading was established it made it easier for newer European countries to come in and raid for control.The new distinction of slave trade sprouted due to the massive amounts of economic growth for royal imperialist in Europe, colonizers, and as well African merchants and embodied race ideologies within.
Since most trade was conducted along the coastlines and the inland were considered dangerous territories therefore, the larger portion of Africa is drawn out to be the most West African part because it was most essential to them.
Portugal was in advantage to other European countries, which also explains why they were able to explore the Americas first too.
The drive for more resources and accumulated Portugal’s passion for exploring led them to the sugar cultivations in the islands of Madeira and the Azores and later the discovery of Cape Verde for gold and slaves were the first foundations of trade (Lindsay, 15-16).
In an excerpt by John Hawkins a voyager describes a raid for slaves in 1567 he states, “assaulted the town, both by land and sea, and very hardly with fire obtained the town, put the inhabitants to flight, where we took 250 persons, men, women, & children”.[viii] Throughout this whole process little respect is given to existing forms of trade and the Africans and the slave trading becomes harder to formalize the slave trade. Koelle was able to collect stories of ex-slave and how they were forced into slavery.
The manner of in formalized trade began to trigger the trading of slaves that were not initially slaves by birth or war captives. One of the stories Koelle brings to attention is Fije who had married two wives and from his father’s death he inherited 22 more, Koelle states, “when he was sold by his uncle because he had not presented him with a female slave and cows on his father’s death”, which shows the selling of relatives as a sort of punishment.[ix] Unfortunately, the second highest group of traded slave was kidnapped slave.